Comments about Britney Spears’ conservatorship following the February 11 hearing . . .

As you might be aware, it is still very difficult for the public to obtain information about the proceedings in the Spears conservatorship. That fact is unusual as the general rule is that court proceedings are supposed to be, and are required to be open to the public, unless there is very good reason for some, or all, of the proceeding to not be open. Court proceedings are open to the public unless the Court makes a ruling otherwise. But, again, the presumption and legal principle that a court proceeding will be open to the public is very strong.

My understanding, based on what I have been able to read, is that following the February 11, hearing, Bessemer Trust and Jamie Spears remain as co-conservators of the estate, apparently with equal shared powers and authority. And that Jodi Montgomery remains as the conservator of the person.

This conservatorship is an ongoing saga. Current primary issues appear to include at least the following:

Will the conservatorship of the estate continue as it is, or be modified, or be terminated?

Will Jamie Spears continue as co-conservator of the estate as it is, or will his powers and authorities be modified, or will his appointment as co-conservator of the estate be terminated?

How will Bessemer Trust and Jamie Spears be able to work together as co-conservators of the estate? Will they be able to work together?

How much weight will the Court give to the requests for changes in the conservatorship that are being made by Britney Spears?

Will any of the issues and orders at the trial Court level be taken up on appeal?

And, perhaps, will the conservatorship of the person continue as it is, or be modified, or be terminated?

The following are a few additional observations:

Generally, conservators are required to communicate with the conservatee and to ask her about her wishes on important matters. However, that doesn’t bind the conservator to the conservatee’s wishes. The Court also should take the conservatee’s wishes into consideration.

Less restrictive options to the conservatorship and to the terms of the conservatorship must be taken into consideration by the Court and the parties. A conservatorship is a restriction on the rights of the conservatee.

On some issues the conservatee is entitled to a jury trial. Otherwise, the Judge has very significant authority to decide issues in a conservatorship, but those decisions must be made based on and in accordance with the applicable laws, the various burdens of poof that might apply, the standards of decision making that might apply (e.g., preponderance of the evidence or some higher standard), and the evidence.

Unless the court orders otherwise, if two co-conservators are ordered, the two co-conservators both must “concur” to exercise a power. Cal. Probate Code §2105. Other than whether either or both of the conservatorships of the estate and of the person will continue, or be modified, or be terminated, I would view the interactions between Bessemer Trust and Jamie Spears as probably being the most difficult and pressing issue. News reports indicate or suggest that there are ongoing disagreements over co-conservator scope of authority and possibly co-conservator decision making and ability to agree. Disagreements of those types could prompt the Court to make changes to its co-conservator order. See, e.g., Cal. Probate Code §§2105.5, and Chapter 9 including §2650, in addition to other Probate Code sections.

Best to you. David Tate, Esq.

Headline says Britney Spears wants conservatorship case to be open to the public: – and related conservatorship legal issues . . . .

I have provided immediately below a snapshot from a September 3, 2020, Today article headline on Yahoo Entertainment relating to the Britney Spears conservatorship, and a request that the conservatorship case be made open to the public.

Although the length of time that the conservatorship has been in place really has nothing to do with the issues in the case – nevertheless, although the conservatorship has been in place for 12 years, other than news stories, which might or might not be entirely accurate and for the most part do not contain a full discussion or a discussion from the legal perspective, it has been very difficult if not impossible to determine what legal arguments have been made, the actual evidence that has been presented, and the basis for the court’s rulings in the case. Will that be changing in the future . . . well, we don’t know, but it might be.

More and more headlines about the case are now appearing in the news, and they raise interesting legal issues as they pertain to conservatorships and court proceedings in general. Historically there have been few California appellate decisions relating to conservatorship proceedings and conservatee rights, but that has slowing been changing. For example, in more recent California appellate court conservatorship cases it has been held that in a conservatorship there is a right to a jury trial (at least on the issue of whether or not there should be a conservatorship) whereas in probate court cases in general there is no such right, and at least on conservatorship issues that involve fundamental rights the burden of proof that is applied is clear and convincing (which is a heightened standard, that requires stronger evidence before the limitation is justified and can be ordered).

Although different courts have used different wording to describe various burdens of proof, the following descriptions have been used:

  • The preponderance of the evidence burden is essentially more likely than not.
  • The beyond a reasonable doubt burden is designed to exclude as nearly as possible the likelihood of an erroneous judgment and imposes almost the entire risk of error upon the party bearing the burden of proof.
  • The clear and convincing burden is an intermediate standard that increases the burden on the party seeking relief requiring a finding of high probability, based on evidence so clear as to leave no substantial doubt and sufficiently strong to command the unhesitating assent of every reasonable mind.

Another requirement in a conservatorship is that the court, and thus also the parties, must consider whether there are workable options that are less restrictive than a conservatorship, or that are less restrictive than a full conservatorship, or that are less restrictive with respect to some of the issues and the prospective conservatee or conservatee’s alleged needs, limitations and deficiencies. Whether or not there is a conservatorship, or whether a conservatorship continues and in what form and under what authorities, rights and restrictions, is not supposed to be based on a medical or other diagnosis – it is based on actual needs, limitations and deficiencies that are established based on the factual evidence pertaining to the prospective conservatee or conservatee’s abilities to act and make decisions on behalf of herself or himself and to protect herself or himself and her or his interests, and the limitations therein that exist.

In that regard, facts and circumstances can change over time; thus, when a conservatorship is granted, that conservatorship also is scheduled for review by the court to determine whether facts and circumstances or the conservatee’s abilities and needs have changed. An interested person who has sufficient standing also can file a petition requesting that some or all of the aspects of the conservatorship be changed, including a request that the conservatorship be terminated, or that other changes be made.   

Regarding whether the case is open to the public, the general and overriding legal principle is that cases are open to the public unless it can be established that a case should not be public based on the particular facts of that case. A conservatorship proceeding is a legal proceeding in which the state (i.e., the government through the court) is being requested to take away or limit some, or sometimes many or most, of the prospective conservatee’s important personal, constitutional, and fundamental legal decision making and other rights and freedoms.

I’m assuming that Britney Spears’ case has not been public because previously she either requested, or she at least agreed or did not oppose, that the case would not be open to the public. That certainly would not be surprising given privacy and public image issues or concerns. Nevertheless, those concerns could exist in every conservatorship case, although not necessarily to the extent that they might exist in a case that involves a very public figure. How much bearing should the extent that a prospective conservatee or an existing conservatee is a public figure have on whether or not the case is open to the public? I haven’t researched for those court decisions, but the issue might already have been briefed in Britney Spears’ case.

As the above headline indicates, if in fact Ms. Spears is now requesting that her case be open to the public, as she in fact might be requesting especially as various other headlines appear to have indicated that she is starting to fight and oppose the conservatorship or at least parts of it, a strong argument can be made that her case should be open to the public.

Some of these similar issues and principles were at play a few years back in one of my cases in which it was difficult to convince a court to seal previously filed pleadings and declarations in a case that involved significant privacy issues (a prior, years ago completed sexual harassment case in which the victim now was requesting that the court seal the records). There are three primary reasons why legal proceedings generally and in principle are open to the public absent strong evidence and legal authority to the contrary, and a court order:

(1) to demonstrate that justice is meted out fairly,

(2) to provide a means by which citizens scrutinize and check the use and possible abuse of judicial power, and

(3) to enhance the truthfinding function of the proceeding.

NBC Subsidiary (KNBC-TV), Inc. v. Superior Court of Los Angeles County (1999) 20 Cal. 4th 1178, 1219.

Thus, if Ms. Spears is in fact requesting that her conservatorship case now be open to the public, there is a strong legal principle that supports her request. Of course, that doesn’t mean that such a request will be granted, but that is what makes the law and court proceedings what they are.

More to follow on this interesting case.

Below you will also find two short videos, one discussing resolution and settlement of conservatorship disputes and cases, and the other providing a summary overview of my mediator qualifications and experience. Best to you, Dave Tate.


Remember, every case and situation is different. It is important to obtain and evaluate all of the evidence that is available, and to apply that evidence to the applicable standards and laws. You do need to consult with an attorney and other professionals about your particular situation. This post is not a solicitation for legal or other services inside of or outside of California, and, of course, this post only is a summary of information that changes from time to time, and does not apply to any particular situation or to your specific situation. So . . . you cannot rely on this post for your situation or as legal or other professional advice or representation.

Thank you for reading this post. I ask that you also pass it along to other people who would be interested as it is through collaboration that great things and success occur more quickly. And please also subscribe to this blog and my other blog (see below), and connect with me on LinkedIn and Twitter.

Best to you, David Tate, Esq. (and inactive California CPA) – practicing in California only

Litigation, Disputes & Mediator: Business, Trust/Probate, Real Property, Governance, Elder Abuse, Investigations, Other Areas


Trust, estate/probate, power of attorney, conservatorship, elder and dependent adult abuse, nursing home and care, disability, discrimination, personal injury, responsibilities and rights, and other related litigation, and contentious administrations

Business, D&O, board, director, audit committee, shareholder, founder, owner, and investor litigation, governance and governance committee, responsibilities and rights, compliance, investigations, and risk management

My law practice primarily involves the following areas and issues:

Trust, Estate, Probate Court, Elder and Dependent Adult, and Disability Disputes and Litigation

      • Trust and estate disputes and litigation, and contentious administrations representing fiduciaries, beneficiaries and families; elder abuse; power of attorney disputes; elder care and nursing home abuse; conservatorships; claims to real and personal property; and other related disputes and litigation.

Business, Business-Related, and Workplace Disputes and Litigation: Private, Closely Held, and Family Businesses; Public Companies; Nonprofit Entities; and Governmental Entities

      • Business v. business disputes including breach of contract; unlawful, unfair and fraudulent business practices; fraud, deceit and misrepresentation; unfair competition; licensing agreements, breach of the covenant of good faith and fair dealing; etc.
      • Misappropriation of trade secrets.
      • M&A disputes.
      • Founder, officer, director and board, investor, shareholder, creditor, VC, control, governance, decision making, fiduciary duty, conflict of interest, independence, voting, etc., disputes.
      • Buy-sell disputes.
      • Funding and share dilution disputes.
      • Accounting, lost profits, and royalty disputes and damages.
      • Insurance coverage and bad faith.
      • Access to corporate and business records disputes.
      • Employee, employer and workplace disputes and processes, discrimination, whistleblower and retaliation, harassment, defamation, etc.

Investigations, Governance, and Responsibilities and Rights

      • Corporate, business, nonprofit and governmental internal investigations.
      • Board, audit committee, governance committee, and special committee governance and processes, disputes, conflicts of interest, independence, culture, ethics, etc.; and advising audit committees, governance committees, officers, directors, and boards.

Mediator Services and Conflict Resolution

* * * * *


Article Link – Update on Britney Spears Conservatorship – Using Conservatorship as a Defense to Liability?

Interesting factual discussion, possibly using a conservatorship defensively to delay or avoid litigation and legal proceedings, Click Here.  I could have done without the legal discussion about how conservatorships work – what is and is not possible in a conservatorship is state law specific – but the article is good reading and food for thought.